Pulmonary fibrosis is a respiratory disorder caused by the formation of scar tissue in the organs of the lungs. This condition will cause the lungs not to function normally.
This abnormal lung function will cause a person to experience shortness of breath, even when only doing light activity, such as walking or wearing clothes.
Pulmonary fibrosis is a lung disease that gets worse slowly and is not contagious. This condition can be caused by various factors and can be experienced by anyone, but it is more common in adults and the elderly.
|Causes of Pulmonary Fibrosis
Pulmonary fibrosis is caused by scar tissue that forms in the lungs. There are several factors that can trigger the formation of scar tissue, including:
Hazardous chemical particles, such as asbestos fibers, coal powders and metal dust, are at risk of damaging the lung organs if exposure is prolonged. These chemical particles can be found in mining, agriculture and building construction areas.
Pulmonary fibrosis can develop from several diseases, such as pneumonia, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, and sarcoidosis.
Radiation therapy or radiotherapy, which is generally given to treat cancer, has the risk of damaging the lungs, especially if it is done for a long time. Symptoms of lung damage can be seen in the months to several years after the patient is exposed to radiation.
Apart from some of the causes above, there are also factors that can increase a person's risk of developing pulmonary fibrosis, namely:
Age and gender
Most people with pulmonary fibrosis are people aged 40-70 years. However, this condition can also be experienced by babies and children. Pulmonary fibrosis is also more common in men than in women.
The risk of active smokers or people who have ever smoked for pulmonary fibrosis is higher than people who have never smoked at all.
Pulmonary fibrosis can run in families. In some cases, people with pulmonary fibrosis are known to have family members who also suffer from this disease.
|Symptoms of Pulmonary Fibrosis
The main symptoms of pulmonary fibrosis are shortness of breath and coughing. In addition, there are some additional symptoms of pulmonary fibrosis, namely:
Get tired quickly
Muscle and joint pain
The tips of the fingers and toes are bluish
After recovering from Covid-19 people mostly can get lungs fibrosis, kidney failure, liver fibrosis and cirrhosis.